All of New Zealand’s coastline is at risk of tsunami. Knowing the warning signs and the right action to take can help save lives. Find out what to do before, during and after a tsunami.
(The words ‘When an earthquake happens’ are floating on screen. But a sudden shaking breaks them and they fall to the ground.)
When an earthquake happens, you need to think. Is it hard to stand up?
(A figure stands next to the floating words ‘Is it hard to stand up?’. But the ground starts shaking and the words break and fall to the ground. The figure drops to their hands and knees and covers their head with their hands.)
Or has it lasted longer than a minute?
(The figure on the floor stays where they are while the words ‘Or has it lasted…’ appear on screen. The figure raises their head while the words ‘… Longer than a minute’ also appear. The words tick down from the top of the screen like the hand of a clock.)
(A picture of a hill with some houses on it now fills the screen. The ocean is at the bottom of the hill.)
Then, if you’re near the coast…
(A location pin hovers above the lowest house.)
… Move immediately to the nearest high ground…
(The ocean becomes a tsunami wave sweeping across the hill. The location pins flies up to the top of the hill out of range of the water.)
… Or as far inland as possible.
(The ocean disappears and the hill falls away to flat land with some houses on it. The location pin is over the house on the far left. The location pin flies off to the right leaving the houses behind.)
(The location pin disappears leaving a figure standing on the ground.)
Don’t wait for an official tsunami warning.
(The words ‘Go immediately’ appear and bump into the figure causing them to run off screen.)
(The figure is now on top of a hill with their family.)
Then stay there until you’ve been given the all clear.
(A thumbs up icon appears next to the family.)
If an earthquake is Long or Strong, Get Gone.
(The Civil Defence logo appears on screen. The words ‘Long? Or Strong Get Gone’ appear underneath, followed by the url www.civildefence.govt.nz)
If an earthquake is Long or Strong: Get Gone.
Move immediately to the nearest high ground or as far inland as possible. Don’t wait for an official tsunami warning.
Find out your tsunami risk. Your Civil Defence Emergency Management Group has tsunami evacuation zone maps and advice. Make sure you know where to go, whether you are at home, at work or out and about.
Review your insurance regularly. Having insurance cover for your home and contents is important to help you get back on your feet if you suffer damage in a disaster.
We can't predict disasters, but we can prepare for them. One of the best places to start is with your home. Find out what you can do to make your home safer.
Make a plan online with your whānau to get through an emergency. Think about the things you need every day and work out what you would do if you didn't have them.
Search your home, work or school address to find out if it is in a tsunami evacuation zone. Make sure you know where to go, whether you are at home, at work, or out and about.
In an emergency, you may be stuck at home for three days or more. Your house is already full of emergency items disguised as everyday things. Figure out what supplies you need and make a plan to get through.
For a local source tsunami, which could arrive in minutes, there won’t be time for an official warning. It is important to recognise the natural warning signs and act quickly.
Drop, Cover and Hold if there is earthquake shaking. As soon as the shaking stops, move immediately to the nearest high ground or as far inland as you can out of tsunami evacuation zones. Even if you can't get out of your evacuation zone, go as far or as high as you can. Every metre makes a difference.
If you are near a shore and experience any of the following, take action. Do not wait for official warnings.
Remember, Long or Strong, Get Gone.
This evacuation advice overrides any COVID-19 requirements to stay at home. Stay 2 metres away from others if you can and if it is safe to do so. Wear a mask or face covering only if you can grab one quickly and it will not delay you leaving.
Walk, run or cycle if at all possible to reduce the chances of getting stuck in traffic congestion.
Take your animals with you only if it will not delay you. Do not spend time looking for them and if you are not at home, do not return to get them.
While evacuating, avoid hazards caused by earthquake damage, especially fallen power lines.
Do not return until you get an official all-clear message from Civil Defence.
Remember, Long or Strong, Get Gone.
Drop, Cover and Hold during the shaking. Protect yourself from the earthquake first.
As soon as the shaking stops, move immediately to the nearest high ground or as far inland as you can out of tsunami evacuation zones.Download Long or Strong, Get Gone Posters
When tsunami travel across the ocean from far away, we have more time to warn people what to do.
Civil Defence issues tsunami warnings in New Zealand.
Tsunami warnings are published on the National Emergency Management Agency's website(external link) and @NZCivilDefence Twitter channel(external link). Tsunami warnings will also be broadcast on radio and television. An Emergency Mobile Alert may also be issued if there is a threat of flooding of land areas.
Warnings may also be broadcast through:
Contact your Civil Defence Emergency Management Group for more advice. They can tell you about the warnings used in your area.
Immediately follow the advice of any emergency warning. Do not wait for more messages before you act.
You might receive informal warnings. Informal warnings could come from:
If the warning seems trustworthy, consider evacuating. Check the accuracy of the warning once you have evacuated or en route if it won't slow you down.
If official warnings are available, trust their message over informal warnings.
Find your local Civil Defence Emergency Management (CDEM) Group.
Only return home once you are told it is safe to do so.
Listen to the radio or follow your Civil Defence Emergency Management Group online. They will give you information and instructions.
If there was an earthquake, expect more shaking. More earthquake shaking may generate another tsunami. Be prepared to evacuate.
Stay away from coastal water, tidal estuaries, rivers and streams for at least 24 hours after any tsunami or tsunami warning. Even small waves create dangerous currents.
Avoid areas impacted by the tsunami. You might hamper rescue and other emergency operations and be at further risk from the residual effects of tsunami flooding.
Help others if you can, especially people who may need extra help.
A tsunami is a series of powerful waves with strong current. They can be caused by an earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide or even a meteorite impact. They can travel many thousands of kilometres across the oceans at speeds of up to 800 kilometres per hour.
Tsunami waves contain considerable energy. They travel much further compared to ordinary coastal waves. Even small tsunami can be dangerous to those in or near the water.
New Zealand’s entire coastline and some of our larger lakes are at risk of tsunami.
Tsunami can flood our shores, causing property damage, injuries and loss of life.
The biggest tsunami in New Zealand are likely to be caused by events close to our shore and can arrive within minutes.
There are three different types of tsunami, depending on where they start.
Distant tsunami are generated from a long way away, such as from across the Pacific in Chile. In this case, we will have more than three hours warning time for New Zealand. There will be time for official warning messages.
Regional tsunami are generated between one and three hours travel time. An eruption from an underwater volcano in the Kermadec Trench to the north of New Zealand could create a regional tsunami. There will be time for official warning messages.
Local tsunami come from very close to New Zealand. In this case, there won't be time for an official warning. People in coastal areas need to take immediate action.
Remember: Long or Strong, Get Gone.
If you feel an earthquake that makes it hard to stand or lasts more than a minute, move immediately to higher ground or as far inland as possible out of tsunami evacuation zones.
Download and print this poster in English. Put it up in your home, school, work or community space. Remember if an earthquake is LONG or STRONG, GET GONE.
Tīkina ake me te tā i tēnei pānui whakaahua. Whakairia ki tō kāinga, ki tō kura, ki tō mahi, ki tō wāhi hapori rānei. Kia maumahara, mehemea ko tētahi rū whenua He Roa, He Kaha rānei, Me Wehe Tonu.
Download and print this poster in Te Reo Māori. Put it up in your home, school, work or community space. Remember if an earthquake is LONG or STRONG, GET GONE.
Download and share this factsheet in English about what to do before, during and after a tsunami.
Tīkina ake, tiria hoki tēnei pukameka mō ngā mahi me whakamahi ā mua, ā roto, ā muri hoki i tētahi ngaru taitoko.
Download and share this factsheet in Te Reo Māori about what to do before, during and after a tsunami.
Learn about our tsunami monitoring and warning system. This guide has been developed for Mayors and people working in local government.